Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Sexually Transmitted Diseases

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) or sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that are typically transmitted through sexual activity, including vaginal, anal, or oral sex. These infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Common STDs include:

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus):

Attacks the immune system and can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). It is primarily transmitted through unprotected sex, sharing needles, or from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding.

Hepatitis B and C:

Viral infections that can affect the liver. They can be transmitted through sexual contact, sharing needles, or from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth.


Caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. It progresses through stages and can affect various organs if not treated. It can be transmitted through genital, anal, or oral sex. 

Sample Requirement

Blood Sample Type:

Venous Blood: A venous blood sample is most commonly used for STD tests. It is drawn from a vein, usually in the arm, using a needle and a collection tube.