Diabetes Screening


Diabetes Screening

Diabetes screening is a crucial aspect of preventive healthcare, as early detection and management of diabetes can significantly reduce the risk of complications. There are several methods for screening and diagnosing diabetes, and the choice of method may depend on various factors, including risk factors, symptoms, and the individual’s health status. The two main types of diabetes are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Here are some common methods used for diabetes screening:

Fasting Blood Sugar (FBS) Test:

This test measures the blood glucose level after an overnight fast. A fasting blood sugar level of 126 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or higher on two separate occasions may indicate diabetes.

Hemoglobin A1c Test:

This test provides an average of blood sugar levels over the past two to three months. An A1c level of 6.5% or higher may indicate diabetes.

Random Blood Sugar Test:

This test involves checking blood sugar levels at any time, regardless of the last meal. A blood sugar level of 200 mg/dL or higher, along with symptoms of diabetes, may suggest diabetes.

Risk Assessment and Clinical Evaluation:

Healthcare professionals often assess an individual’s risk factors for diabetes, including family history, age, obesity, physical inactivity, and other medical conditions. Based on the assessment, they may recommend screening tests.

If you have risk factors for diabetes or are experiencing symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, or fatigue, it’s important to consult with your healthcare provider. They can determine the most appropriate screening method based on your individual circumstances and guide you on further diagnostic and management steps if needed. Early detection and management of diabetes can help prevent complications and improve overall health outcomes.

Sample Requirement

Blood Sample Type:

A venous blood sample is most commonly used for Diabetes Screening Profile. It is drawn from a vein, usually in the arm, using a needle and a collection purple top tube (HbA1C test) or grey top glue (glucose test). Patients are required to fast starting for a minimum of 8 hours.