Thyroid Screening


Thyroid Screening

A thyroid profile, also known as a thyroid function test, is a set of blood tests used to assess the health and functioning of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a small butterfly-shaped gland located in the neck, and it plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism by producing hormones such as thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Additionally, the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) produced by the pituitary gland influences the thyroid’s hormone production.

A thyroid profile typically includes the following key components:

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone (TSH):

TSH is produced by the pituitary gland and stimulates the thyroid gland to produce T3 and T4. Elevated TSH levels may indicate an underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), while low TSH levels may suggest an overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism).

Free Thyroxine (FT4):

FT4 is the active form of thyroxine, and its levels are used to assess the thyroid’s ability to produce this hormone. Abnormal FT4 levels may indicate thyroid dysfunction.

Free Triiodothyronine (FT3):

FT3 is the active form of triiodothyronine, and its levels are important for evaluating the thyroid’s overall function. Abnormal FT3 levels may suggest thyroid disorders.

Interpreting thyroid profile results requires considering the levels of TSH, FT4, and FT3 in relation to the reference ranges provided by the laboratory. Abnormalities in these values can help diagnose various thyroid disorders, including hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, and autoimmune thyroid diseases.

It’s important to note that healthcare providers may use additional tests and clinical information to make a comprehensive assessment of thyroid function. If you have concerns about your thyroid health or are experiencing symptoms related to thyroid dysfunction, it’s recommended to consult with your healthcare provider for appropriate evaluation and management.

Sample Requirement

Blood Sample Type:

Venous Blood: A venous blood sample is most commonly used for Thyroid Screening Provide. It is drawn from a vein, usually in the arm, using a needle and a collection tube.