Liver Function Tests (LFTs)


Liver Function Tests (LFTs)

Liver Function Tests (LFTs) are a group of blood tests that provide valuable information about the health and functionality of the liver. The liver is a vital organ with numerous essential functions, including detoxification, metabolism, and the production of proteins necessary for blood clotting. LFTs help assess the liver’s overall condition by measuring various enzymes, proteins, and other substances present in the blood.

These tests play a crucial role in diagnosing and monitoring liver diseases, identifying potential liver damage, and evaluating the effectiveness of treatment. Liver Function Tests are commonly ordered by healthcare providers when patients exhibit symptoms of liver dysfunction, such as jaundice, abdominal pain, or unexplained fatigue. Additionally, LFTs are routinely conducted as part of general health check-ups to detect liver issues at an early stage.

Key Components of Liver Function Tests:

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT): ALT is an enzyme found primarily in the liver cells. Elevated ALT levels in the blood may indicate liver damage or inflammation, making it a sensitive marker for liver diseases.

Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST): Similar to ALT, AST is an enzyme found in the liver, but it is also present in other organs like the heart and muscles. Elevated AST levels can suggest liver damage or other medical conditions.

Alkaline Phosphatase (ALP): ALP is an enzyme found in various tissues, including the liver, bones, and intestines. Elevated ALP levels may indicate liver or bone disorders.

Total Bilirubin: Bilirubin is a yellow pigment produced during the breakdown of red blood cells. Elevated levels of bilirubin can lead to jaundice and may suggest liver dysfunction or other issues related to the breakdown of red blood cells.

Albumin: Albumin is a protein produced by the liver that helps maintain blood volume and pressure. Low levels of albumin may indicate liver disease or other conditions affecting protein production.

Interpreting Liver Function Tests:

Interpreting LFT results requires a comprehensive analysis of all components, as abnormal levels may indicate various liver conditions, such as hepatitis, cirrhosis, or fatty liver disease. It is essential for healthcare professionals to consider the patient’s medical history, symptoms, and other diagnostic tests to make an accurate diagnosis.

In conclusion, Liver Function Tests are valuable tools for assessing the health of the liver and diagnosing liver disorders. Timely and accurate interpretation of these tests can guide healthcare providers in developing appropriate treatment plans and interventions to manage liver-related conditions.


Sample Requirement

Blood Sample Type:

Venous Blood: A venous blood sample is most commonly used for LFT. It is drawn from a vein, usually in the arm, using a needle and a collection tube.